The digital transition adopted by companies is a real advantage for IT professionals. Accelerated by the Covid crisis, the web professions are the first actors of this one, they are strongly demanded to carry out the changes necessary for this transition…
Unfortunately, companies that want to make this transition to digital are often faced with low HR resources that don’t allow them to hire.
Going through freelancers can be a solution to solve this. However, the steps to become one can seem complicated and tedious.
Autoentrepreneur, business creation (SASU, EURL, EI), wage portage…: there are several legal statuses that allow you to exercise a freelance activity. The choice of legal status determines the legal framework in which you will carry out your activity as well as the social and tax regimes on which you will rely. It is therefore a very important choice that deserves serious consideration.
There is no better status for a freelancer: it is up to you to choose the one that best suits your goals, your preferences, your project, your needs, your situation and your activity.
In this article, we focus on wage portage, a booming status that is still unknown to the general public. Because while it is widely used by developers and other transition managers, it is less used by marketing experts.
Note that “freelance” is not a status as such. This term simply means that you are free to choose your customers, your services or your prices, and this is possible through one of the laws: SASU, wage portage, etc.
What is wage portage?
Wage portage is a status that allows a person to be both a freelancer and an employee. So it is defined as a hybrid professional status that combines the advantages of paid work and freelancing. According to INSEE, in 2019, there were more than 3 million self-employed people and among them 100,000 employees. The numbers have increased dramatically since then.
The legal framework around wage portage has changed significantly so that it is legally recognized in France. According to article L. 1254-1. of Ordinance No. 2015-380 of April 2, 2015 related to wage portage:
Wage portage refers to the organized sum consisting of:
“1° On the one hand, the relationship between a company called “salary portage company” that performs a service for the benefit of a client company, resulting in the conclusion of a commercial contract for the provision of wage portage;
“2° On the other hand, the employment contract is concluded between the wage portage company and an employee designated as a “ported employee”, who is paid by this company.
Wage portage works in the form of a three-way relationship that requires the presence of an intermediary (the wage portage company) between the person being ported (the freelancer) and the company (the client). There are many wage portage companies in France today, and it is very important to choose the right one.
This form of work allows client companies to meet a need or a service, whether short-term or not.
To become a supported employee, the process is very simple. In less than 24 hours, it is possible to start a new mission, in wage portage.
Supported and independent employees must explore and find their own assignments. However, it is not uncommon to see wage portage firms partner with independent consultants in their search for assignments.
After the terms of his mission are determined and agreed upon, an employment contract is established between the brought employee and the freight forwarding company. At the same time, a service contract is established between the client company and the wage portage company. In other words, the porting company turns the invoice into a payslip for the ported employee. The latter will manage all administrative aspects, which are often considered tedious and time-consuming.
Wage portage and web jobs
Web players play a big role in the digital transition we are experiencing. Companies often call on freelancers to avoid various obstacles associated with hiring. However, the steps to becoming independent can sometimes seem rigorous and exhausting. To overcome this, the status of the brought employee turns out to be a very good alternative. In fact, it allows an expert in IT, marketing, etc. it is easy to start as a self-employed person, and there is no risk (while maintaining the stability associated with employee status).
A large number of professions are compatible with this status:
- Scrum Master
- Expert (web) marketing
- Web developer
- communications consultant
- Web Editor
- Community Manager
- web designer
- web project manager
- UX / UI designer
- Procurement expert
- Communications Manager
- Data analyst
- data scientist
Web professions are very diverse and constantly changing. Their missions and their customers are often diverse and agile, which perfectly matches the wage portage operation.
Thanks to their skills, wage portage web experts are able to work independently and carry out missions entrusted by client companies without being distracted by various tasks that fall to traditional freelancers.
What are the advantages and disadvantages?
The advantages of wage portage are many for a company as well as for the ported employee.
In fact, by combining employee status with self-employment, the brought employee remains his own boss and therefore has control over his choices and his working hours.
In other legal forms, administrative procedures can be a real source of anxiety and can often seem tedious. By being a supported employee, you benefit from the advantages of an employee, which allows you, among other things, to provide the procedures for setting up a business, invoices, balances at the end of year, etc.
Its advantage is to save time and therefore be able to focus on its missions at 100%. Employee status provides comprehensive protection: social security, civil liability, mutual insurance, pension contributions, but a training system like CPF and many others.
However, the wage portage regulations impose the payment of a minimum wage to the porter. For the wage portage company to pay this minimum called “conventional salary”, the average daily rate must be at least equal to €250 excluding tax, or €35 excluding the hourly tax.
Also, note that the wage portage has no turnover ceiling, unlike micro-enterprises for example, which have a ceiling of around €70,000 on turnover.
NB: it is possible to combine wage portage with other statuses.
Wage portage has many benefits for a company and its various departments, both for purchasing departments and for HR and legal departments.
- Experience, in using consultants with key skills and expertise for the company;
- The ability to respond to an urgent request, a new project, etc. ;
- Flexibility by being able to add skills without increasing your workforce, on specific missions that require specific expertise;
- Simplicity by signing a service contract governing all previously agreed upon contractual terms;
- Cost control;
- The absence of administrative management thanks to the management of HR tasks by the umbrella company.
For human resources
- Payroll was not affected;
- Maintaining a partnership with a retiree or supporting employees in professional transition;
- Business transformation;
- The adjustment of the workforce for a specific need;
- Make it easy by taking care of pre-employment declarations, drafting employment contracts, drawing up payslips, managing social charges and salaries, contract termination formalities, etc. ;
- The portage company’s civil liability insurance;
- No risk of requalification, no economic hopelessness, no breach of bargaining;
- Prohibited labor lending is not permitted by the order of April 2, 2015.
- Regulatory legal framework;
- Security: bank guarantee, single activity;
- Mastery of requalification;
- Illegal labor loans are not included;
- No bargaining offense.
As for the disadvantages, they are few, but it is important to point them out. Not all jobs are eligible for remittance. In fact, it is reserved for consultancy or expertise professions. Professions such as doctor, lawyer, notary… cannot be used within the framework of a wage remittance contract.
Another point: a commission of about 5 to 10% is levied by the wage portage company. Ultimately, net pay represents approximately 50% of turnover.
In summary, wage portage is a solution that is particularly suitable for web experts, as it allows them to benefit from employee status while maintaining their autonomy and flexibility.
As a self-employed worker, wage portage allows freelancers to benefit from the social protection of employees, which can be particularly useful in changing and competitive sectors such as the web, marketing, etc. In addition, wage portage makes it possible to avoid the administrative and financial obstacles associated with the creation of a company, which can be a real asset for professionals who wish to devote themselves to their activity without worry about administrative and financial aspects.
Finally, wage portage is a great way for companies to access, over a period of time, the sometimes specialized and rare skills and knowledge of experienced IT professionals, without having to worry about about their recruitment and management.